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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 10(1); 1998 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 1998;10(1): 43-56. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.1998.10.1.43
An OSCE Assessment of Fourth-year Medical Students as A Comprehensive Evaluation of Medical Skills Before Graduation
Hoonki Park, Dongwon Kim, Duck An Kim, Hosoon Choi, Kyoungtai Kim
1Department of family medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine.
2Department of Anesthesiology, Hanyang University College of Medicine.
3Department of Clinicopathology, Hanyang University College of Medicine.
4Department of Internal medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine.
5Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hanyang University College of Medicine.
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Experiences on Objective Structured Clinical Examination(OSCE) for student assessment are limited in medical colleges in Korea. The purposes of this study were to develop an OSCE to fourth-year medical students after completion of all clerkships at Hanyang University Medical College. METHODS: The OSCE was a 8-station examination, with each station taking five minutes. We conducted two parallel OSCEs simultaneously by duplication. We checked each stage of the process in the development of OSCEs with recording of diary. We analysed validity and costs of the OSCE. We got feedback from all participants by questionnaires. RESULTS: Of the total 102 fourth-year students, only 74 persons(72.5%) were evaluated. The rate of pass was 63.5%. Cronbach alpha of the OSCE was 0.14. The scores were different between sites according to stations, especially in items related to attitude and physical. The total OSCE score was not significantly different either between duplication sites or among groups. OSCE scores didn't relate to those of both multiple choice tests and entrance exam for internship. Our use of only a few SP's contributed to relatively low cost of $85 per examinee. Both students and faculty were satisfied with the examination, and felt that the material tested was relevant and appropriate for primary care. The OSCE process served to identify weakness in the curriculum and/or teaching methods, and thus could serve as a mechanism to improve educational effectiveness. CONCLUSIONS: Problems of validity and reliability were detected in the developing process of the OSCE. It appeared financially feasible. Setting appropriate goal, optimum number of station, training of evaluators, development of good checklist, and enthusiastic support of the school's administartion were all needed more to success of such a program.
Keywords: Evaluation;OSCE;Duplication;Cost
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