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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 18(3); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2006;18(3): 249-257. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2006.18.3.249
의대생의 자기효능감과 환경요인, 성격, 학업성취도 관련성
이영미1, 함병주2, 이경아1, 안덕선1, 김명곤3
1고려대학교 의과대학 의학교육학교실
2한림대학교 의과대학 정신과학교실
3고려대학교 의과대학 생화학교실
The Relation of Self-Efficacy with Environmental Factors, Personality and Academic Achievement in Medical Students
Young-Mee Lee1, Byung-Joo Ham2, Kyung-A Lee1, Duck-Sun Ahn1, Meyoung-Kon Kim3
1Department of Medical Education, Korea University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Neuropsychiatry, Hallym University Medical College, Korea.
3Department of Biochemistry, Korea University College of Medicine, Korea.
Corresponding Author: Byung-Joo Ham, Tel: 02)2639-5460, Fax: 02)2677-9095, Email: hambj@hallym.or.kr
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the relation of self-efficacy with environmental factors, personality, and academic achievement in medical students. METHODS: Study subjects consisted of 141 first-year medical students at Korea University Medical School during one academic year (2003~2004). All participants completed a 24-item questionnaire on self-efficacy beliefs, a 16-item questionnaire asking demographic and socioeconomic data, and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Spearman'sorrelation of selfefficacy with other variables was generated. The differences of self-efficacy scores according to the level of satisfaction with school life, total family income per month and the reasons for entering medical college were analyzed by ANOVA. RESULTS: Age and overall satisfaction with school correlated with self-confidence and total family income per month was related to self-regulation. Students who entered medical college due to the socioeconomic stability of medicine showed significantly lower preference for task difficulty than those who had other reasons for entering medical college. The GPAs of premedical studies correlated with self-regulation and the GPAs of Med 1 and the cumulative GPAs of premedical and Med I were related to the preference for task difficulty. CONCLUSION: This result supports that self-efficacy beliefs were related with some environmental factors, personality and academic achievements in medical students.
Keywords: Self-efficacy;Environmental factors;Personality;Academic achievement;Medical students
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