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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 18(1); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2006;18(1): 77-85. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2006.18.1.77
의과대학생들의 성격성향과 관련된 환자중심적 태도
문석우1, 남범우1, 서정석1, 류은정2, 권혁중3, 손인기4, 함웅4
1건국대학교 의과대학 정신과학교실
2건국대학교 의과대학 간호학과
3건국대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실
4계요병원 신경정신과
Patient-Centeredness Associated with Personality Traits of Medical Students
Seok Woo Moon1, Beom Woo Nam1, Jeong Seok Seo1, Eun Jeong Ryu2, Hyuk Jung Kweon3, In Ki Sohn4, Woong Hahm4
1Department of Psychiatry, Konkuk University College of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.
2Department of Nurcing, Konkuk University College of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.
3Department of Family Medicine, Konkuk University College of Medicine, Chungju, Korea.
4Keyo Mental Hospital, Euiwang, Korea.
Corresponding Author: Jeong Seok Seo ,Tel: 043)840-8990, Fax: 043)840-8529, Email: hessem@kku.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: The patient-centered attitude is an effort to understand patients themselves as well as their disease. The doctor-oriented approach has been shifting to one where patients and participate in the deciding of medical service. We performed this study to investigate the patient-centeredness and influencing variables associated with personality traits. METHODS: We recruited 94 medical students before their psychiatric clinical clerkship, and all subjects were assessed by a structured questionnaire including socio-demographic data, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI), Meyers-Briggs type indicator(MBTI), the patient-practitioner Orientation Scale(PPOS), and the Authoritarian Personality scale(AP), The AP and PPOS questionnaires were repeated after the psychiatric clinical clerkship. RESULTS: After the psychiatric clinical clerkship, the AP scores were significantly lower than before, and the PPOS significantly higher than before. The change in the AP scores were related to MBTI, correlated with MMPI subscales, however, inversely correlated with the changes in PPOS after the clinical clerkship. CONCLUSION: The authoritarian personality trait was related to, not only the personality trait including MBTI and MMPI subscales, but also to patient-centeredness in medical students.
Keywords: Doctor-patient relationship;Patient-centeredness;Authoritarian personality;MBTI;MMPI
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