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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 15(3); 2003 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2003;15(3): 241-248. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2003.15.3.241
의과대학생에 있어서 성별에 따른 자아존중감의 차이
유정선1, 양원선1, 이경은1, 이상은1, 이승규1, 이후연2, 박은철2
1연세대학교 의과대학 의학과
2연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
Gender Difference in Self-Esteem of Medical Students
Jeong-seon Yoo1, Won Sun Yang1, Kyong-Eun Lee1, Sang-Eun Lee1, Christopher Seongkyu Lee1, Hoo-Yeon Lee2, Eun-Cheol Park2
1Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
Corresponding Author: Eun-Cheol Park, Tel: 031)920-2151, Fax: 031)920-2159, Email: ecpark@ncc.re.kr
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: Many studies from the past have indicated that women tend to have lower self- esteem than men. This cross-sectional study looks for this tendency in a medical school in Korea, where men are still thought to comprise much of a dominating force despite the current growth in number of female students in student body. Along with the cross-examination of possible gender difference in self-esteem, the significant and relevant factors will also be sought and discussed. METHODS: Questionnaires were obtained from 202 junior and senior students (125 male and 77 female students) in a medical school in Korea. Self-esteem was determined using the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (reliability = 86% in our study). Multiple regression analysis was used to determine gender difference in self-esteem and statistical relevance in each covariate. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in self-esteem between male and female medical students. Significant factors related to self-esteem include school rank, physical attractiveness, and depression, among which of them, depression was the strongest. CONCLUSION: Innate limitation of cross-sectional studies and evaluation of selected junior and senior students of a single medical school could possibly explain for the absence of gender difference in self-esteem in this study. Academic achievement and physical attractiveness are shown to be positive factors for self-esteem, while depression puts negative force in one's self-esteem.
Keywords: Self-esteem;Gender;Medical Students
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