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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 15(2); 2003 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2003;15(2): 151-161. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2003.15.2.151
의과대학생의 전공과목 선택에 영향을 미치는 요인
김형준1, 박서진1, 김정은1, 박은철2, 이후연2
1연세대학교 의과대학
2연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
Factors Influencing the Specialty Selection of Medical Students
Hyungjoon Kim1, Seojin Park1, Jeongeun Kim1, Euncheol Park2, Hooyeon Lee2
1College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Yonsei University1, Seoul, Korea.
Corresponding Author: Hooyeon Lee, Tel: 02)361-5342, Fax: 02)392-8133, Email: lhy135@kma.org
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: We wanted to further analyze the qualities that influence Korean medical students on their decision to choose each of the specialized areas of medicine. METHODS: We were able to obtain questionnaires from 394 students of Y University, School of Medicine. The students rated the various influential factors for specialty selection by using a five-point Likert scale. RESULTS: The factors found to influence the selection of popular specialties were gender, grades/scores, lifestyle attributes, and residency issues. Patient contact, lifestyle attributes, prospects, income prospects, and health care policies were significantly rated factors for choosing clinical-oriented specialties. For the selection of Medical specialties, gender, income, social responsibilities, income prospects, and malpractice insurance costs were the influential factors. Gender, 3rd year students, social responsibilities, prospects, income prospects, and society's views on medical profession affected the students' decisions to choose the major specialties. CONCLUSION: Based on the results of our study, we can conclude that gender and income prospects are some of the most significant factors affecting a student's selection of a specialty. These results suggest reform and improvement for a more stable health care policy and management strategies.
Keywords: Specialty selection;Influential factors;Medical students
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