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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 21(2); 2009 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2009;21(2): 117-124. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2009.21.2.117
의과대학생 및 의학전문대학원생의 공감 능력과 학제, 학년 그리고 성격의 연관성
이병국1, 반건호1, 이원혜1, 박준헌1, 윤태영2, 백상빈3
1경희대학교 의학전문대학원 신경정신과학교실
2경희대학교 의학전문대학원 예방의학교실
3강릉아산병원 신경정신과
The Relationship between Empathy and Medical Education System, Grades, and Personality in Medical College Students and Medical School Students
Byung Kuk Lee1, Geon Ho Bahn1, Won-Hye Lee1, Jun Heon Park1, Tai Young Yoon2, Sang Bin Baek3
1Department of Neuropsychiatry, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Neuropsychiatry, Gang Neung Asan Hospital, Gangneung, Korea.
Corresponding Author: Geon Ho Bahn, Tel: 02-958-8543, Fax: 02-957-1997, Email: mompeian@yahoo.co.kr
Received: December 5, 2008;  Accepted: April 28, 2009.
PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between empathy and medical education system, grades, and personality in medical college (MC) students and medical school (MS) students. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five MC students and 137 MS students participated in this study, completing questionnaires on sociodemographic data, Jefferson Scale of Empathy, S-version, Korean edition (JSE-S-K), and Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). RESULTS: Reward Dependence (RD), Cooperativeness (C), and Self-directedness+ Cooperativeness (SC), which are subscales of the TCI, correlated significantly with JSE-S-K score. Third-year students had significantly higher scores on the JSE-S-K than first-year students. MS students had significantly higher scores on the JSE-S-K and the SC subscale of the TCI than MC students. However, there were no significant differences in empathy with regard to age, sex, motivation toward medical science, club activity, and applied specialty. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that empathy is associated with personality traits, such as RD, C, and SC, and medical education curriculum contributes incrementally to empathy for students. The difference in test scores for empathy between MC students and MS students might be due to differences in personality traits, such as SC.
Keywords: Empathy;Temperament;Human characteristics;Medical college;Medical school
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