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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 18(1); 2006 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2006;18(1): 41-53. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2006.18.1.41
의과대학생의 도덕민감성과 도덕판단력의 비교 연구
이지혜1, 문용린2, 김지영3, 손희정1, 홍경표1
1성균관대학교 의과대학 의학교육실
2서울대학교 교육학과
3킹스컬리지 의과대학
A Study of Comparison between Moral Sensitivity and Reasoning in Medical Students
Ji Hye Lee1, Yong Lin Moon2, Ji Young Kim3, Hee Jung Son1, Kyung Pyo Hong1
1Office of Medical Education, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Education, Seoul National University, Korea.
3Kings College London School of Medicine, U. K.
Corresponding Author: Kyung Pyo Hong, Tel: 02)3410-6847/3411, Fax: 02)3410-6820, Email: kphong@smc.samsung.co.kr
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the trends and traits of moral sensitivity and reasoning over six years of medical school. METHODS: The participants in this study consisted of 217 first to sixth-year medical students of Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine in Korea. Essay type questionnaire was used for evaluating moral sensitivity and the Korean-Defining Issues Test (KDIT) was used for evaluating moral reasoning. RESULTS: It was found that the medical students' sensitivity of 'public welfare', 'prospective result' and 'role-taking as a doctor' was significantly higher than that of the pre-medical students'. Moral sensitivity increased in the 3rd and the 4th years but decreased in the 5th and the 6th years. Moral reasoning decreased in the 3rd and the 4th years but increased in the 5th and the 6th years. No correlation was observed between moral sensitivity and reasoning(r=0.033). Developmental trends of moral sensitivity and reasoning showed a significant difference in terms of year of medical school. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that medical school curriculum tends to impct students' moral sensitivity. This school has implemented the problem-based learning curriculum into the 3rd and the 4th years. It is necessary to consider the developmental state of the student's morality when developing an effective medical ethics program.
Keywords: Moral sensitivity;Moral reasoning;Morality;Problem-based learning
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