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Korean J Med Educ > Volume 22(2); 2010 > Article
Korean Journal of Medical Education 2010;22(2): 121-130. doi: https://doi.org/10.3946/kjme.2010.22.2.121
정서적 공감을 위한 의사소통 기술과 임상수행평가 - 학업성취도와의 관계: 일개 의학전문대학원 자료를 중심으로
장선숙1,2, 서지현2,3, 조경제1,4, 홍순찬2,5, 우향옥2,3
1경상대학교 의생명과학사업단(BK21), 의학전문대학원
2경상대학교 의학교육학교실
3경상대학교 소아청소년과학교실
4경상대학교 해부학교실
5경상대학교 외과학교실
Correlation of Communication Skills for Emotional Empathy and Academic Achievement on Clinical Performance Examinations
Seon Suk Jang1,2, Ji Hyun Seo2,3, Gyeong Jae Cho1,4, Soon Chan Hong2,5, Hyang Ok Woo2,3
1Biomedical Center ( BK21), School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
2Department of Medical Education, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
3Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
4Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
5Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Korea.
Corresponding Author: Seon Suk Jang, Tel: 055-751-8848, Fax: 055-751-8811, Email: seonsukj@hanmail.net
Received: January 11, 2010;   Revised: March 11, 2010;  Accepted: April 1, 2010.
ABSTRACT
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the correlation between communication skills for emotional empathy and academic achievement on the Clinical Performance Examination (CPX). METHODS: One hundred twelve medical school students were observed to determine the extent to which they applied communication skills for emotional empathy (preparation stage: interview attitude, respect; rapport stage: encouragement, active listening, will for support; empathy stage: verbal expression empathy, nonverbal expression empathy, acceptance) to the CPX, as well as their level of understanding of these skills to calculate the Pearson r, which can be used to determine the correlation between communication skills and academic achievement (hematochezia, fatigue, abnormal menstruation, chest pain, alcohol problems). RESULTS: Male students had higher scores than females for all communicational skills except verbal expression empathy. Fourth-year students had statistically more significant correlations than third-year students with regard to the rapport stage 'active listening' and empathy stage 'nonverbal expression' and abnormal menstruation and chest pain. Correlations were also more significant for hematochezia in the preparation stage 'interview attitude,' rapport stage 'encouragement,' and empathy stages 'verbal and nonverbal expression' and 'acceptance.' The empathy stage 'nonverbal expressions' was more significant for fourth-year students with alcohol problems. Third-year students largely had negative correlations between emotional empathy communication skills and CPX academic achievement, especially between the preparation stage 'respect' and abnormal menstruation, and between the rapport stage 'encouragement' and hematochezia. CONCLUSION: There was a significant correlation between hematochezia, wherein MS students deliver bad news to patients, and communication skills for emotional empathy.
Keywords: Communication;Emotions;Empathy;Clinical competence
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